Pinakamalakas na Bagyo sa Pilipinas

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Philippine Trivia

Ngayong araw na ito binagyo na naman ang Manila. Habang nahihimbing ang karamihan sa pag-tulog ay sabay naman ang pag-ihip ng lakas ng hangin ni lola Basyang.

Pero alam nyo ba kung ano ang pinakamalakas na bagyo ang tumama sa Pilipinas?

Sa talaan ng Pagasa, ang limang itinuturing pinakamalakas na mga bagyo ay sina Reming (Nov 26-Dec 1, 2006) 320 kph; Sening (Oct 11-15, 1970) 275 kph; Rosing (Oct 30-Nov 4, 1995) 260 kph; Anding (Nov 21-27, 1981) 260 kph; at Loleng (Oct 15-24, 1998) 250 kph.

Sa ipinalabas na ulat ng Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services, Administration (PAGASA), sinasabing nahigitan ng ulan ni “Ondoy” ang bagyong tumama noong June 1967 sa nagpakawala ng maraming tubig.

Pinapaniwalaan na umabot sa 341.3 mm ang dami ng ulan na ibinuhos ni ‘Ondoy’ sa Quezon City mula 8 a.m. hanggang 2 p.m. noong Sept. 26. Halos katumbas na nito ang 391.7 mm average na ulan na ibinuhos ng mga bagyo sa buong buwan ng Setyembre.

Sa kabila ng maraming tubig, naging mahina naman ang hangin ni ‘Ondoy’ na umabot lang sa pinakamalakas na 65 kph malapit sa gitna at pagbugso na hanggang 80 kph.

Araw ng Pagkakaibigang Pilipino at Amerikano

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Philippine Trivia

Ngayon ipinagdiriwang ang Araw ng Pagkakaibigang Pilipino-Amerikano o Filipino-American Friendship Day. Ito ay itinilaga ni Pangulong Diosdado Macapagal para alalahanin ang paglaya ng bansang Pilipinas sa pamamagitan ng magkasanib na mga puwersang Pilipino at Amerikano mula sa pagsalakay ng puwersa ng Imperyong Hapon noong katapusan ng Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig.

Isang teritoryong sakop ng Estados Unidos ang Pilipinas mula 1898 hanggang 1942, kung kailan inokupa ito ng puwersang Hapon, at muling naging angkin ng Amerika sa maikling panahon matapos ang digmaan. Natanggap ng bansa ang lubos na paglaya noong Hulyo 4, 1946.

Alam nyo ba na ang ating Araw ng Kalayaan ay isinasagawa rin tuwing Hulyo 4. Subalit inilipat ito ni Pangulong Diosdado Macapagal sa Hunyo 12, ang petsa kung kailan idineklara ng Pilipinas ang kaniyang kalayaan mula sa Espanya noong 1898. Gayunpaman, upang kilalanin at alalahanin pa rin ang pagkakaibigan ng mga Pilipino at mga Amerikano, nilikha ang Filipino-American Friendship Day, na kasabayan ng Hulyo 4, ang Araw ng Kalayaan ng Estados Unidos.

My Dearest Son

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Benigno Aquino III

My dearest Son,

One of these days, when you have completed your studies I am sure you will have the opportunity to visit many countries. And in your travels you will witness a bullfight.

In Spanish bullfighting as you — now a man — know, the matador is pitted against an angry bull. The man goads the bull to extreme anger and madness. Then a moment comes when the bull, maddened, bleeding and covered with darts, feeling his last moment has come, stops rushing about and grimly turns his face on the man with the scarlet ‘muleta’ and sword. The Spaniards call this ‘the moment of truth.’ This is the climax of the bullfight.

This afternoon, I have arrived at my own moment of truth. After a lengthy conference with my lawyers, Senators Jovito R. Salonga and Lorenzo Tañada, I made a very crucial and vital decision that will surely affect all our lives: Mommy’s, your sisters’, yours and our entire loved ones as well as mine.

I have decided not to participate in the proceedings of the Military Commission assigned to try the charges filed against me by the army prosecution staff. As you know, I’ve been charged with illegal possession of firearms, violation of R.A. 1700, otherwise known as the ‘Anti-Subversion Act,’ and murder.

You are still too young to grasp the full impact of my decision. Briefly, by not participating in the proceedings, I will not be represented by counsel; the prosecution will present its witnesses without any cross examinations; I will not put up any defense; I will remain passive and quiet through the entire trial; and I will merely await the verdict. In as much as it will be a completely one-sided affair, I suppose it is reasonable to expect that the maximum penalty will be given to me. I expect to be sentenced to imprisonment the rest of my natural life, or possible be sent to stand before a firing squad. By adopting the course of action I decided upon this afternoon, I have literally decided to walk into the very jaws of death.

You may ask: ‘Why did you do it?’

Son, my decision is an act of conscience. It is an act of protest against the structures of injustice that have been imposed upon our hapless countrymen. Futile and puny as it will surely appear too many, it is last my act to defiance against tyranny and dictatorship.

You are my only son. You carry my name and the name of my father. I have no material wealth to leave you; I never had time to make money while I was in the hire of our people. For this I am very sorry. I had hopes of building a little nest egg for you. I bought a ranch in Masbate in the hope that after 10 or 15 years, the coconut trees I planted there would yield enough to assure you a modest but comfortable existence. Unfortunately, I had to sell all our properties as I fought battle after political battle as a beleaguered member of the opposition. And after the last battle, I had more obligations than assets.

The only valuable asset I can bequeath to you now is the name you carry. I have tried my best during my years of public service to keep that name untarnished and respected, unmarked by sorry compromises for expediency. I now pass it on to you, as good, I pray, as when my father, your grandfather, passed it on to me.

I prepared a statement, which I intended to read before the Military Commission on Monday at the opening of my trial. I hope the commission members will be understanding and kind enough to allow me to read my statement into the record. This may well be my first and only participation in the entire proceedings.

In this statement I said: Some people suggested that I beg for mercy from the present powers that be. Son, this I cannot do in conscience. I would rather die on my feet with honor, than live on bended knees in shame.

Your great-grandfather, General Servillano Aquino, was twice condemned to death by both the Spaniards and the American colonizers. Fortunately, he survived both by a twist of fate. Your grandfather, my father, was also imprisoned by the Americans because he loved his people more than he Americans who colonized us. He was finally vindicated. Our ancestors have shared the pains, the sorrows and the anguish of Mother Filipinas when she was in bondage.

It is a rare privilege for me to join the Motherland in the dark dungeon where she was led back by one of her own sons whom she lavished with love and glory.

“I ended my statement thus: I have chosen to follow my conscience and accept the tyrant’s revenge.

It takes little effort to stop a tyrant. I have no doubt in the ultimate victory of right over wrong, of good over evil, in the awakening of the Filipino.

Forgive me for passing unto your young shoulders the great responsibilities for our family. I trust you will love your mother and your sisters and lavish them with the care and protection I would have given them.

I was barely 15 years old when my father died. His death was my most traumatic experience. I loved and hero-worshipped him so much; I wanted to join him in his grave when he passed away. But as in all sorrows, eventually they are washed away by the rains of time.

In the coming years, I hope you will study very hard so that you will have a solid foundation on which to build your future. I may no longer be around to give you my fatherly advice. I have asked many of your uncles to help you along should the need arise, and I pray you will have the humility to drink from their fountain of experience.

Look after your two younger sisters with understanding and affection. Viel and Krissy will need your umbrella of protection for a long time. Krissy is still very young and fate has been most unkind to both of us. Our parting came too soon. Please make up for me. Take care of her as I would have taken care of her with patience and warm affection.

Finally, stand by your mother as she stood beside me through the buffeting winds of crisis and uncertainties, firm and resolute and uncowed. I pray to God you inherit her indomitable spirit and her rare brand of silent courage.

I had hopes of introducing you to my friends, showing you the world and guiding you through the maze of survival; I am afraid you will now have to go it alone without your guide.

The only advice I can give you: Live with honor and follow your conscience.

There is no greater nation on earth than our Motherland. No greater people than our own. Serve them with all your heart, with all your might and with all your strength.

Son, the ball is now in your hands.

Lovingly,

Dad

(Ninoy’s letter to Noynoy)

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