Araw ng Mga Bayani (National Heroes Day)

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Bayani - Jose P. Rizal, National Heroes, Pride of the Philippines

Hindi matatawaran ang kabayanihan ng bawat Pilipinong nagbigay ng buhay para sa ating kalayaan. Alalahanin natin sila sa araw na ito, at bilang mga Pilipino ay tularan natin ang pagmamahal na pinakita ng ating mga bayani para sa ating bansang Pilipinas. Mabuhay ang bayaning Pilipino!

Venus Raj, Raj! Raj!

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Filipina, Pride of the Philippines

Si Venue Raj, a proud Filipina. Kung hindi nya pinaglaban ang karapatang maibalik sa kanya ang korona bilang Bb. Pilipinas-Universe ay di natin alam ang magiging kapalaran ng ating kandidata sa ginanap na Miss Universe.
Siya ay nagtapos sa ika-limang puwesto sa nasabing timpalak na pinanalunan ni Jimena Navarette ng Mehiko. Pero para sa ating mga Pilipino sa buong mundo, sya ang natatanging Miss Universe.

Sino si Venus Raj
Si Venus Raj ay ipinanganak nuong Hulyo 7, 1988 sa Doha, Qatar sa amang si Vincent Raj at inang si Ester Bayonito subalit sya ay lumaki sa Bato, Camarines Sur matapos maghiwalay ang kanyang ama at ina. Sa pagtutulungan ng mga magkakapatid at ng kanyang ina, sila ay namuhay bilang magsasaka at pagtatahi. Sa palayan ng ang unang entablado ni Venus kung saan sya ay nasanay sa paglalakad tulad ng isang modelo sa makipot na daanan ng palayan.


Si Venus Raj ay nagtapos ng pag-aaral sa Bicol University sa Albay sa tulong ng scholarship mula sa Francis Papica Foundation. Siya ay nagtapos nang may karangalang cum laude sa kursong A.B. Communication Arts (major in Journalism).

17 taong gulang ng sya ay magsimulang sumali sa mga beauty contest. Ang unang titulong napanalunan ni Raj ay ang Miss Camarines Sur at noong 2007 ay itinanghal si Raj bilang Miss Bicolandia. Sa kasunod na taon, siya ay nagkamit ng titulong Miss Earth Eco-Tourism at noong 2010 ay itinanghal siyang Bb. Pilipinas-Universe.

Venus Raj sa Miss Universe 2010

Buong husay na ipinakita ni Venus ang kagandahan ng Filipina sa nakaraang Miss Universe. Isa sya sa mga paboritong kalahok ng gabing iyon. Mula sa Top 15, kung saan sya ang huling tinawag ay dumagundong na sa lakas ng palakpakan ang loob ng Mandalay Bay, Las Vegas. Hanggang sya nga ay makaabot sa Top 5 kasama sina Anna Poslavskaya ng Ukraine, Jesinta Campbell ng Australia, Yendi Phillips ng Jamaica, at si Miss Universe 2010 Jimena Navarette ng Mehiko.

Sa tanong ng huradong si William Baldwin na, “Ano ang malaking pagkakamaling nagawa mo sa iyong buhay, at ano ang ginawa mo upang maitama ito?” ang sagot ni Raj ay, “Sa 22 taon ng aking buhay, wala pa akong nagawang malaking pagkakamali (major, major problem) dahil kampante ako sa aking pamilya at sa pagmamahal na ibinigay nila sa akin.”

Ang sagot niya ay biglang sumikat sa Internet at ang keyword na “major, major” ay naging pinaguusapang paksa sa social networking sites.

Filipino Physicists, Ramon Magsaysay Awardee

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Pride of the Philippines

Two Filipino physicists are among the recipients of the Ramon Magsaysay Award this year for introducing a cost-effective method of teaching science and non-science subjects in a struggling high school in the remote municipality of Jagna in Bohol province.

In the citation, the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation (RMAF) said the husband and wife tandem of Christopher Bernido and Maria Victoria Carpio-Bernido is recognized for “their purposeful commitment to both science and nation, ensuring innovative, low-cost, and effective basic educationeven under conditions of great scarcity and daunting poverty.”

Both coming from affluent families, the Bernidos completed their doctorate degrees in physics from the State University of New York. In the 1980s, they headed the National Institute of Physics at the University of the Philippines, where they were also recognized for excellence in teaching and research.

In 1999, the couple surprised their colleagues by relocating to the municipality of Jagna to run the crumbling Central Visayan Institute Foundation (CVIF) owned by Christopher’s aging mother.

The couple initially thought it more practical to shut down the school but they also saw the opportunity to come to terms with the problems of basic education in the country.

“For us, it has always been the bigger picture – the country. We both wanted to do something for the country,” Carpio-Bernido said

The Bernidos started the CVIF Dynamic Learning Program (DLP), which limits teacher participation by devoting seventy percent of class time to student activities with specific learning targets.

The program makes use of a parallel class scheme in which three classes are held simultaneously by a teacher and assisted by facilitators.

In the following years, the 500 students who attended the program showed significant improvements in their performance in national scholastic aptitude and university admissions tests.

The school also attracted educators all over the country who wanted to learn about the program.

In 2008, the Bernidos launched the “Learning Physics as One Nation” project to address the shortage of qualified physics teachers in the country. The program, which was patterned after the DPL model, uses a portfolio of activities to be individually accomplished by students and is supplemented by weekly video-based lectures. Real time interaction through text messaging and electronic mail were also encouraged.

In Jagna, the Bernidos continue to hold regular workshops with the country’s top physics teachers, foreign scientists, even Nobel laureates as guest lecturers. They also continue to mentor young scientists from various Philippine universities.

The Ramon Magsaysay Award, established 1957, is considered the equivalent of the Nobel Prize in Asia. It was founded to celebrate the leadership example of the country’s third President and is conferred on individuals or organizations in Asia who have shown exemplary public service.

Magsaysay Foundation president Carmencita Abella said this year’s seven awardees are “remarkable individuals deeply engaged in reinventing the future for a better Asia, tapping into and strengthening the power of community.”

“Their concerns are clearly quite diverse…but there is one thing this year’s Magsaysay laureates share: a greatness of spirit which infuses their leadership for change. They all build collaboration and seek consensus whenever possible. They all refuse to give up, despite adversity and opposition,’ Abella said.

This year’s awards would be formally conferred in presentation ceremonies on August 31 at the Cultural Center of the Philippines.

Since 1958, the Philippines has had 42 Ramon Magsaysay laureates.

Also given the award was Tadatoshi Akiba from Japan, a three-term mayor of Hiroshima who spearheaded “Mayors for Peace,” a global campaign for nuclear disarmament supported by 4,000 cities in 144 countries. The campaign includes educational events, anti-nuclear demonstrations, active participation in the review conferences of United Nations Nuclear-Non-Proliferation Treaty, and aggressive lobbying with governments and international agencies for nuclear disarmament.

Tadatoshi was three years old when a single American atomic bomb leveled the city of Hiroshima. In his desire to keep the memory alive, he started a travel grants program through which visiting journalists can interview bomb survivors.

Tadatoshi recognized that his city had the moral obligation to warn the world of nuclear danger.

Newspaper photographer Huo Daishan from Shenqiu in China’s Henan province was cited for his documentation of pollution and marine life kill in the Hua River, the third largest in China.

In 2001, Huo staged his first photo exhibit by stringing together on a clothesline more than 15,000 photographs taken with a cheap camera. He eventually held 70 exhibits in various cities.

Photographs showing the river covered in noxious foam, and village children wearing gas masks stirred public debate. Although harassed by local officials and factory owners, he succeeded in linking up with local authorities and industries to install water wells and low-cost water filters in the affected villages near the river.

Chinese government officials Pan Yue (vice minister at the Ministry of Environmental Protection) and Fu Qiping (chief of Tengtou village in Zheijiang province) were cited for creating opportunities to address China’s environmental crisis.

As vice minister of the environmental protection agency, Pan has actively implemented the Environmental Assessment Law of 2003 and the Open Government Information Regulations of 2007. In 2005, he either warned or shut down 76 energy-generating projects worth billions of dollars for non-compliance with environmental regulations.

Fu, a farmer who has been a village chief since 1980, had used China’s decentralized system to turn Tengtou into one of China’s most prosperous villages by practicing environment-friendly agriculture and using renewable energy. The village of only 830 inhabitants has a wastewater treatment system and solar-powered streetlights.

Social worker A.H.M Noman Khan from Bangladesh, meanwhile, was cited for setting up a training center for helping persons with disabilities by giving them skills and employment opportunities.

(Story courtesy of Associated Press)

Ang Matandang Callao Man sa Callao Cave

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Philippine Treasure, Philippine Trivia

Tabi-tabi Tabon man, nandito na si Callao man, ang sinasabing pinakamatandang human fossil na nadiskubre sa kueba ng Callao sa Cagayan.

Ayon kay Armand Mijares of the Archaeology Studies Program at UP Diliman, ang nahukay na human fossil ay maaring 67,000 taon na, mas matanda sa Tabon man na natagpuan naman sa Palawan.
Ito na rin marahil ang pinakamatandang human fossil na nahukay sa Asia-Pacific.

Bagamat hindi masabi kung ang buto na nakuha ay sa babae or lalaki, kinumpirma naman na ang buto na ito ay sa tao. At nuong Mayo ng nakaraang taon lamang nalaman ng grupo ni Mijares ang maaring edad ng buto na kanilang nahukay.

Ang ulat na ito ay inilathala sa Journal of Human Evolution Vol. 30, April 8, 2010 kung saan isa si Mijares sa mga awtor.

Pinakamalakas na Bagyo sa Pilipinas

Author: Tuklas  //  Category: Philippine Trivia

Ngayong araw na ito binagyo na naman ang Manila. Habang nahihimbing ang karamihan sa pag-tulog ay sabay naman ang pag-ihip ng lakas ng hangin ni lola Basyang.

Pero alam nyo ba kung ano ang pinakamalakas na bagyo ang tumama sa Pilipinas?

Sa talaan ng Pagasa, ang limang itinuturing pinakamalakas na mga bagyo ay sina Reming (Nov 26-Dec 1, 2006) 320 kph; Sening (Oct 11-15, 1970) 275 kph; Rosing (Oct 30-Nov 4, 1995) 260 kph; Anding (Nov 21-27, 1981) 260 kph; at Loleng (Oct 15-24, 1998) 250 kph.

Sa ipinalabas na ulat ng Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services, Administration (PAGASA), sinasabing nahigitan ng ulan ni “Ondoy” ang bagyong tumama noong June 1967 sa nagpakawala ng maraming tubig.

Pinapaniwalaan na umabot sa 341.3 mm ang dami ng ulan na ibinuhos ni ‘Ondoy’ sa Quezon City mula 8 a.m. hanggang 2 p.m. noong Sept. 26. Halos katumbas na nito ang 391.7 mm average na ulan na ibinuhos ng mga bagyo sa buong buwan ng Setyembre.

Sa kabila ng maraming tubig, naging mahina naman ang hangin ni ‘Ondoy’ na umabot lang sa pinakamalakas na 65 kph malapit sa gitna at pagbugso na hanggang 80 kph.

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